Each year, The Queen and other members of the Royal Family spend the Christmas period at Sandringham House in Norfolk, a tradition begun by The Queen's grandfather, King George V. Sandringham House in Norfolk has been the private home of four generations of Sovereigns since 1862.
O costume de enviar cartões de Natal começou em Inglaterra, no ano de 1843. Sir Henry Cole, um alto-funcionário britânico, teve essa ideia de mandar imprimir postais natalícios, para poder enviar a todos os seus amigos e conhecidos as suas saudações de Natal. Assim, encomendou ao pintor John Calcott Horsley a criação do primeiro cartão de Natal, cuja cópia está à vista em cima. Dessa primeira edição foram vendidos 1000 exemplares em Londres.
Nos nossos dias, está aos poucos a cair em desuso, sobretudo devido à cada vez maior utilização da internet para se remeter todo o tipo de mensagens. Dessa forma perde-se cada vez mais o hábito de se escrever aos familiares e amigos, mesmo nestas ocasiões tão especiais. Cada um escolherá o seu método. Eu, enquanto professora de inglês, aproveito o meu blog para enviar a todos os leitoresMerry Christmas and a Very Happy 2013!
Esta personagem jovial e feliz tem as suas origens remotas em S. Nicolau, bispo de Myra, no sul da Turquia, onde viveu, há mais de 1600 anos. Tornou-se Santo, devido à sua bondade em ajudar os mais pobres dando tudo o que possuía, com atenção especial às crianças.
Na Holanda chamam-lhe Sinterklass e é especialmente querido pelos mais pequenos. Foram os emigrantes holandeses, que introduziram a sua figura nos EUA. De início era representado com as vestes de Bispo. Mas, no início da década de 1930, um anúncio da Coca-Cola decidiu apresentá-lo, alegre e redondo com um fato vermelho, as cores daquela marca, com o objetivo de levar o público a consumir mais daquele refrigerante também no inverno. O sucesso foi grande e, hoje, este velhote bonacheirão de belas barbas brancas faz as delícias das crianças em todo o mundo. Nos EUA, por influência do nome holandês chamam-no Santa Claus ou simplesmente Santa. No Reino Unido preferem chamá-lo Father Christmas
Saint Andrew was an Apostle, the older brother of Saint Peter. He went to Greece to preach the gospel, where he was martyred by crucifixion at Patras in Achaia, being tied to a cross which was shaped like the letter X; called ever since the “Saint Andrew’s cross” (it is said that Saint Andrew felt unworthy to be crucified on the same type of cross on which Christ had been crucified). He made his cross a pulpit and even preached from it before dying.
The flag of Scotland is the Cross of St. Andrew, and this is widely displayed as a symbol of national identity.
The Ruins of the Castle of St Andrews by Captain John Sleezer (1814 edition)
The relics of Saint Andrew were brought to Scotland in Antiquity by St Rule and placed in a specially constructed chapel in Scotland. This chapel was replaced by the Cathedral of St. Andrews in 1160, and the town of St. Andrews, which took its name from the Apostle, became the religious capital of Scotland and a great centre for medieval pilgrims who came to see the relics. St. Andrews Cathedral was destroyed during the Scottish Reformation and is now in ruins.
St. Andrews from the Pier. Engraving by William Bartlett (over 100 years old)
St Andrews from the Pier nowadays
Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Russia, Greece and Scotland. He died in the year 61 and his feast day is on November 30, the national day of Scotland.
The town is home to the University of St Andrews, the third oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Britain's most prestigious. It is now 600 years old. This university became famous worldwide in 2011, when Prince William married Kate Middleton, since both had been students at the university where they met for the first time.
Rug at the entrance of the library.
Students from all over the world attend the university as either undergraduate or postgraduate students.
Day is a memorable day for students and their families.
St Andrews is a very charming, ancient town, in Fife, near a coastline with picturesque fishing villages.
It is also known worldwide as the "home of golf".
Two years ago I spent some days at St Andrews and I must admit that those were indeed very relaxing holidays!
Foodscape photographer Carl Warner uses fresh fruit, vegetables and meat to bring his imagination to life. He compares his work to Willy Wonka's creations in Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. His new pieces were aimed at encouraging healthier eating among younger children: "I use my work as a vehicle to get kids to think about what they are eating,"
Fishscape features rocks made of oyster shells and crab claws, boats made of marrows and asparagus, and a shining, silvery, slippery sea of fish.
Mr Warner, who was born in Liverpool, said the work rekindled the 'childhood imagination' in adults.
Mr Warner starts work by drawing his ideas on paper. He then buys the produce and spends between one and three days assembling it with the help of pins and superglue. He then photographs it layer after layer from the foreground to the background and assembles them into one image in post-production.
It’s getting cold outside, but we’re here to warm you up
with our Clever Pants Monthly newsletter.
Feeling adventurous? Then have a look at our idioms on
the theme of danger and safety!
idiom (n): an expression, word, or phrase that has a
figurative meaning that is separate from the literal meaning or definition of
the words of which it is made
To throw caution to the wind
If you throw caution to the wind, you start taking
risks and stop worrying about the danger involved.
“I was always so worried about having savings, but I decided
to throw caution to the wind and buy myself a nice new car!”
A close shave
This term describes a situation where an accident or a
disaster nearly happened. It originates from the days of the cut-throat razor
being a risky way to have your beard cut!
“I almost hit the child who ran out in front of my
car. It was a close shave.”
To batten down the hatches
A sailing term meaning to close all the windows on a ship
in preparation for a storm. When you batten down the hatches, you prepare
yourself for danger or a forthcoming difficult period.
“Susan is bringing her four young children to our
today. Time to batten down the hatches!”
The coast is clear
Another idiom that comes from the world of sailing. To
say that the coast is clear means that there is no danger in sight and it is
safe to continue your activity.
“Relax! The coast is clear. The director has gone back
into his office.”
Look before you leap
This is something you say when advising someone to think
carefully about the possible dangers before doing something (leap (v.) is
similar to jump and is usually used with off or out of, as in “leap off the
edge of the cliff” or “He leapt out of bed”).
“Don't decide too quickly. Look before you leap!”
To be on the safe side
If you do something to be on the safe side, you do it as
a precaution, to avoid any risks.
“I think I locked the door but I'll c heck again to be
on the safe side.”
Look at the phrases below. Try to complete them with
one of the prepositions
At to in for on about into towards
1. I can’t concentrate __________ what I’m doing
because you are talking too much!
2. My parents always complain _____________ how untidy
my bedroom is.
3. I think you should apologize_____________ her for
what you did.
4. The film is aimed___________ younger people.
5. I aim ____________ pass all of my exams this year.
6. We have to translate this phrase ____________
7. I was thinking ___________ the best way to do the
8. The reason ____________ the delay was the late
arrival of the train.
9. There has been a big decrease__________ the
10. I think my attitude __________doing
homework needs to improve.
In the past week, President Obama received two powerful endorsements from leaders who aren't exactly partisan Democrats: Colin Powell, former Secretary of State and Michael Bloomberg, mayor of New York City.
"The devastation that Hurricane Sandy brought to New York City and much of the Northeast -in lost lives, lost homes and lost business -brought the stakes of Tuesday’s presidential election into sharp relief...the president has achieved some important victories on issues that will help define our future... If he listens to people on both sides of the aisle, and builds the trust of moderates, he can fulfill the hope he inspired four years ago and lead our country toward a better future for my children and yours. And that’s why I will be voting for him."
Mayor Michael Bloomberg
With less than a week to go in this election, and millions of voters still making up their minds, I wish President Obama all the best for his reelection.