Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, a Scottish author and physician, invented the character of Sherlock Holmes in 1887.
He wrote 60 stories about this famous detective and his friend Dr. Watson. When he tried to kill Sherlock Holmes in 1893 in "The Final Problem" his readers protested and he had to bring him back for a new story called " The Hound of The Baskervilles", where he explained Sherlock Holmes had faked his own death.
Everyone recognises Sherlock Holmes because of his deerstalker hat, his magnifying glass and his pipe.
Sherlock Holmes lived in 221 B Baker Street in London. Nowadays you can visit the same house, which is a museum dedicated to the most famous fictional detective, Sherlock Holmes.
Johnson, S and Myles, J. Timesaver. London! London:Scholastic, 2007